The capital of Turkey is located on the Anatolian plateau, in the heart of the country.The population of Ankara is 5 million people. The city has been living for more than 27 centuries, but the status of the metropolitan metropolis was received only on October 13, 1923. Ankara is considered the oldest city. The first mention of it comes as early as the beginning of the 7th century BC. e. In those days, the city was considered a major trade center, located on the gap between Europe and Asia. In 1071, at the Battle of Marzikartha and after the defeat of the Byzantine army, Ankara passed into the possession of the Seljuks. The city was badly damaged in a major battle in the 15th century, but soon it was rebuilt with a huge scale.
So the list of the best tourist places in front of you:
The museum of steam locomotives in the village of Chamlyk occupies the territory of the former old depot. It was opened in 1991, it is of national importance and is considered to be the largest museum in Europe, where the largest collection of locomotives is represented. Its exposition includes 33 locomotives, many of which were built before the outbreak of the First World War and were brought here from many countries of the world. The museum includes not only locomotives but also passenger cars, wagons for equipment transportation, railway cranes and other mobile mechanisms. The oldest specimen in the museum is dated 1891, and the newest one - in 1951. Some exhibited specimens were brought here still in working condition.
The largest Mosque of Ankara and one of the oldest Muslim buildings in the city is the mosque of Kocatepe. The construction took about 19 years and ended in 1987. This new symbol of Islam was modeled on the Sultan mosques. The architectural decoration of the mosque was also made in the classical Ottoman style. The mosque is decorated with stained glass windows and gold plates, huge crystal chandeliers, decorative tiles, and marble. The architectural complex of Kocatepe consists of the mosque itself, a library, a conference center and covered parking. In its underground premises, there are tea shops and one of the largest supermarkets in the city.
A very important historical and cultural complex in the Turkish capital of Ankara is the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal, the creator, and the first president of the Turkish Republic, a person who radically changed the history of the state, abolished the sultanate and caliphate, revolutionary, military general, author of several scientific works. A man who proclaimed the equality of the sexes and introduced the Latin alphabet instead of Arabic. The structure of the Atatürk Mausoleum complex consists of three parts: the central alley, the ceremonial square and the mausoleum itself. On the roofs of the towers there are bronze Turkish spears - in ancient times such spears were installed on the tops of tents. Every 5.6 million tourists visit Anitkabir, 96% of which are Turks. The most visited months are April and May. But given the weather in Ankara and the number of tourists every month, it turns out that September and October are the best months for visiting the mausoleum.
The Haci Bairam mosque is located in the capital of Turkey, the city of Ankara. Once upon a time the place of the Muslim temple was the ancient Roman sanctuary of Augustine and Roma, from which only the remnants of the walls have survived to this day. Built in the 15th century, the mosque connects to it with its own walls - a symbol of the connection between the past and the present. The temple was named in honor of Haji Bayram, who founded the monastic order "Bayramylik", which in turn significantly influenced the formation of the spiritual path of the Turkish people. Rectangular building of the temple acquired western and northern parts after the 15th century, the building was restored by the notorious Mimar Sinan, which led to the building of architectural nuances of the 16th century. On one of the temple walls, the Turkish calligraphy "Sluyus" displays the phrase "The World of God."
Ankara has a rich history, which tourists can best tell by the fortress of Hisar, also called the citadel. Inspired by its majesty, the design of the structure is located on top of a hill, so the fortress can be seen from almost anywhere in Ankara. Citadel Hisar is surrounded by a double ring of fortified walls. It is likely that the fortress has been a refuge since the time of the Hittites. The outer ring surrounding the fortress walls was erected under the emperor Michael the second in the ninth century, and the inner walls date back to the sixth century.
The Museum of Ancient Anatolian Civilizations, which was founded in 1921 by Mubare Ghalib Bey (at that time he held the post of cultural manager of Ankara), is located in the capital of the Turkish Republic. First of all, this place is interesting with buildings, where the exhibits are located - caravanserai and the old covered market (they were erected during the reign of Mehmet the Conqueror). With the choice of these structures, the names of Hamit Zyubeyir Koshaya and Zaffetu Arykan are connected as the premises for exhibiting. The first gave recommendations, and the second was instructed to set about the restoration of architectural monuments. All the work on the renovation of buildings and bringing them into proper form were completed only in 1968.