Baku is one of the most ancient cities of the East. It is not surprising that so many monuments of culture of history, architecture and culture are preserved in the city for many centuries. Many tourists can see them with their own eyes, enjoy the high skill of the Azerbaijani people. In Baku, there are many museums and reserves that open their riches for viewing. Do not know what to see in Baku during your trip?
So the list of the best tourist places in front of you:
A unique and mysterious monument of ancient architecture has survived to our time in excellent condition and today is actually a symbol of the city. The height of the tower reaches 28 meters (8 tiers). You can climb the walls by a spiral staircase. Scientists argue over the age of the structure, suggesting dates from the 1st century AD to the IX. Stones and solution give different results in laboratories. A sign on the wall indicates the XII century. The preservation of walls can be explained by their thickness. At the base, the thickness is 5 meters, and to the top, it is reduced only to 4 meters. Inside the tower, there is a water well, for which the builders had to break a rock 21 meters deep. Baku cannot come up with this explanation of the destination. There are no conditions for long-term residence, it can not be reliably attributed to any religious trend. Maybe that's why there are so many legends about the structure in Azerbaijan. It is only known that in the 12th century it was used as a citadel in the defense of the Baku fortress, in the 12th-19th centuries it served as a lighthouse, and since 1964 a museum has been organized within its walls that still operates. The tower is under the protection of UNESCO.
It was in Baku that the first Carpet Museum was opened in the world, where a unique collection of national carpet art gathered, the technique of the work, preservation and interrelation of the carpet with other types of national art was studied. The first exhibition was opened in the ancient fortress of Icherishahar, which was located on the territory of Baku. Since it was located on the site of the mosque, in 1992 the Museum had to move to another building (the former Lenin Museum). Today the museum's collection includes more than 14,000 carpets, elements of homespun clothing, samples of the world-famous national coinage for copper and jewelry. Several carpets, transferred from private collections, dating back to the 17th century. Also, unique examples of local weapons and faience ware of the XII century are presented. The authorities supported the work of scientists in every possible way, and in 2008 the construction of a modern building began, allowing to keep the collected samples under appropriate conditions. Since 2014, the exposition of the museum is held in a new building, and you can see the national sights of Baku in modern, comfortable conditions.
On the eponymous avenue in the city of Baku, there is a building recognized as the best in the world for the period of 2014. A unique modern building is amazing not just a sight, but a whole consciousness. It does not have the usual straight lines and angles. As if woven from the waves, it rises swiftly upward and easily touches the ground. The famous architect Zaha Hadid created the project. The building has 3 main departments: the museum named after. Heydar Aliyev; exhibition halls; administrative part - "Auditorium". The exhibition halls offer a lively display of the history of the country and its achievements. You can consider near the archaeological finds, hear the sounds of ancient musical instruments, marvel at the wonders of architecture, looking at 45 models of the best constructions of the country.
This palace can be safely attributed to the best sights of Azerbaijan. The ancient residence of the rulers of Azerbaijan was built for four hundred years, since the XII century. It is interesting that the whole architectural composition, despite the many architects working on it, is completely holistic and harmonious. The walls are decorated with a quaint pattern, allowing you to assess the skill of the masonry. The building is located on a hill, was previously surrounded by walls, but they have long been destroyed. Due to political unrest and wars, the palace was rebuilt several times, periodically came to an abandoned state and was restored again. It is believed that initially it had 52 rooms and 3 spiral staircases. Today there are museum exhibition halls here, and the rich national sights of Baku underscore the amazing laying of walls and piers.
Near Baku in the village of Shikhove is the Bibi-Heybat Mosque. Unlike most of the country's cultural monuments, the fate of this is quite tragic. A large and unique in its beauty temple was built in the XIII century, and since that time served as a place of prayers for the sheiks and many famous Muslims of the country. During the coming of Soviet power, under the aegis of the struggle against religion, the temple was destroyed. Already in the 80s, the question of restoring the building began to be raised. Raised all the preserved materials - photos, pictures, drawings and so on, that could help to recreate the unique temple. Using them, Sanan Sultanov erected a modern version of the mosque. All possible techniques of canonical architecture were used, and additions appeared - 2 lateral minarets. Outside, the walls are decorated with patterns of masonry, inside under domes - green and turquoise mirrors. Gold on them are written texts of the Koran. The walls are decorated with ornaments in traditional styles according to the works of architect Fahraddin Miralay. Today the mosque is included in the main sights of Baku.
A relatively young building, the Tezepir mosque has become a favorite place not only for local believers, but also tourists looking for what to see in Baku. Architect Ziver bey Ahmedbekov built the temple relatively quickly, in 1905-1914. This is due to the generous donations of Nabat-Khanum Ashurbekova and her son, representatives of a certain kind. Today the building is included in the sights of Baku. It occupies 1400 square meters. m, lavishly decorated with ornaments in oriental style. The prayer hall for men covers 52 chandeliers, and the female part is built of pistachio. Windows and doors in the building are created by experienced cabinetmakers. Even the floor is equipped with a modern heating system.
Officially the park was opened in 2005. In fact, its foundation is the Absheron State Reserve, which is part of the city of Baku. The park allows maintaining the ecological state of the environment in the urban area at a high level and at the same time it performs environmental protection functions. Many animals and plants listed in the Red Book of Azerbaijan reproduce here naturally. When choosing what to visit in Baku, it is necessary to include Absheron National Park in its program. Animals and birds that you rarely see in nature, there are few people who are afraid, and some can be seen on a normal walk.
The attraction is visible far away, which is not surprising - the height of the wheel is exactly 60 m. This is twice the previous version. Particularly beautiful it looks at night, illuminated by bright colored lights throughout its circumference. A modern miracle was created by the Dutch. For a year, Dutch Wheels mounted and tested the new Ferris wheel. In 2014, Ilham Aliyev, the President of Azerbaijan, opened it in the spring. It has several speeds, allowing you to change the turnover time within 10-30 minutes. For visitors 30 cabins are offered, in each of them can enter no more than 8 people. The Ferris wheel is located in the Seaside Park, not far from the national flag area. It is easy to see many of Baku's sights from it.
It's nice to see animals that have a free life. Large aviaries, natural greens around create the impression of a free residence, which is liked by both animals and visitors. Today, the Baku Zoo is the largest in the country and occupies 4.25 hectares. Today the symbol of the zoo became pink flamingos, which were rescued by employees in the 1990s. Already 28 species of rare birds found their shelter in the Baku zoo. Among the things to visit in Baku is the area where 160 species of animals numbering about 1200 pieces live. And this development does not stop there. A project has already been created, which will begin the construction of a new zoo outside the city. The territory is 230 hectares, animals will take in their circle of Australian rare animals and birds.