The capital of Germany enjoys well-deserved popularity among tourists from all over the world. Berlin annually visits more than 25 million guests. The sights of Berlin attract a wide variety of travelers, because here everyone will find a really interesting place in accordance with personal preferences. Impressions and photos from a trip to the center of the united Europe will expand the horizon and introduce the cultural heritage of the great country. What to see in Berlin, if you travel without an escort guide, a brief overview of cultural monuments and places of leisure will tell you.
So the list of the best tourist places in front of you:
This is perhaps the most recognizable place among all the sights of Germany. Most of the excursions around modern Berlin begin here. The majestic palace of German statehood, built in 1894, witnessed all the historical events that shaped the fate of modern Germany. The building of the German Parliament was repeatedly destroyed, it was badly damaged in the fire in 1933, and as a result of the bombings in 1945, it was almost crushed. However, after several reconstructions, the structure acquired its original appearance, a grandiose glass dome was also restored, where a unique viewing platform is located, accessible to tourists. From here, in clear weather, you can see the surrounding sights of Berlin in all its glory. To visit the building of the Parliament of Germany, you must first register on the official website of the Reichstag and present the received data at the entrance. Without this formality, enter and inspect with a tour of the premises from the inside will not work.
The classical arch of the Brandenburg Gate is designed by the architects as a gateway to peace, but ironically, through them, the German soldiers went to war. Four horses, controlled by the goddess of victory, crowns twelve columns. In this form, the Brandenburg Gate became a symbol of united Germany and was replicated on millions of postcards that scattered around the world. Tourists, reflecting what to visit in Berlin, are directed through this gate to the famous Lime Alley and advance along it, visiting historical places. On photographs of this part of the city, the Brandenburg Gate necessarily falls into the frame.
On the island in the middle of the river Spree are 5 Berlin museums. This historical complex began its development from the first building built in 1830, called the Old Museum, which displays an exhibition of antique statues, weapons, and ancient Greek jewelry. Later, the New Museum was built, where samples of papyri and exhibits of ancient Egyptian art were exhibited. The old national gallery, opened in 1876, will be of interest to fans of impressionism, the works of the renowned Berliner Menzel are exhibited here, as well as Roman frescoes. Later, at the beginning of the 20th century, the Bode Museum opened its doors to visitors, representing the art of Byzantium and the sculpture of Germany and Italy from the early Middle Ages. In 1930, the Pergamon Museum was founded, exhibiting Islamic art and culture samples of the Near East. You can get to the Museum Island by a pedestrian bridge, which was called a bridge from the present to the past.
An ugly fence made of concrete over three meters high, entangled with barbed wire, stretching about 160 km, separated West Berlin from Democratic Germany in 1961 and stood for 28 years, dividing the German people into two hostile states. In November 1989, after simplifying the border regime between the Federal Republic of Germany and the GDR, the Berlin Wall ceased to be a symbol of the country's separation, the street painters graffiti blossomed, and the fragments of the destroyed building spread all over the world. At present, the restored fragment of a wall 800 m long along the Bernauerstraße became a monument of the unity of the inhabitants of all Germany, which can not be destroyed by artificial obstacles. The sights of Berlin include a wall in their list, as a monument to the ending of the "cold war" that is compulsory for visiting. The single Berlin is developing and becoming more beautiful, and the remnants of the wall are reminiscent of the times of the "Iron Curtain" and that lessons must be learned from historical events.
The most visited museum of Germany was named in honor of its main exhibit - the Pergamon altar, found during excavations on the lands of the eponymous kingdom that existed in 290-120 BC. on the territory of modern Turkey (now the city of Bergama). By the way, the Turkish government periodically declares its desire to return this artifact to its original territory. In addition to the Pergamon altar of Zeus, the museum presents: the richest collections of ancient art from the territory of Greece and the Roman Empire; Exposition of cultural objects from the Near East; a huge collection of Islamic art objects. View architectural fragments of the Ottoman palaces, the gates of the Roman market, mosaics, Assyrian reliefs, the treasure of Troy, the Babylonian gates of Ishtar, a collection of oriental carpets can be found in one place - in Pergamon.
The Berlin Wall checkpoint between the Soviet and Allied zones is a nondescript booth, but at the same time it is a famous place that is listed in Berlin's sights and symbolizes the opposition of ideologies. Through this checkpoint, the military and diplomats moved. It was here in 1961 Soviet tanks were standing, fortunately, not opened fire. The name of the checkpoint was due to the alphabetic encoding of Americans (A-alpha, B-bravo, C-charlie), these three control points were used by US citizens. Not far from the checkpoint is the museum of the Berlin Wall, where numerous exhibits tell how the Berliners tried to overcome the obstacles bypassing official points of passage from East to West.
The royal residence, erected at the end of the 17th century, received its name in honor of Sofia Charlotte, the wife of the Prussian elector Frederick I. The exquisite palace complex is surrounded by a magnificent park in a regular style. Elegant staircases, greenhouses, carp pond, various statues, graceful bridges, age-old lime trees, and flower beds create a unique atmosphere where the Berliners are so fond of walking and playing sports. Free access to the park makes it possible to enjoy well-kept landscapes, in shady avenues you can hide from the bustle of the big city and listen to the singing of birds. The Palace Museum opens its doors for tourists to get acquainted with the luxurious interiors, decoration of the royal chambers, an extensive collection of porcelain. During the Second World War, the palace and park ensemble of Charlottenburg was seriously damaged, but the efforts of the restorers managed to restore the beauty and originality of this cultural heritage site to everyone who is interested in the historical sights of Berlin.
The majestic Protestant church was erected for 11 years in the late 19th - early 20th centuries. He was given the role of the main church of all Lutherans. The Baroque building of the cathedral solemnly rises on the Museum Island, and the interior decoration does not suppress, as in most Catholic cathedrals, but prompts to carefully examine the details of sculptures, stained-glass windows, paintings with biblical subjects. In the tomb of the cathedral rest the representatives of the Hohenzollern dynasty. The creation of the famous master Sauer - a magnificent organ - fills the space of the cathedral with the sounds of music. Organized concerts are held regularly in the cathedral, experts note excellent acoustics in the room. Visitors to the temple often go up to the observation deck under the dome to once again make sure that you can look at the surrounding views in Berlin from different points of view.
Gendarmenmarkt is rightly called the most beautiful square in the capital of Germany. Three masterpieces of architecture located along the perimeter - the Concert Hall, the French and German cathedrals, also recorded in the sights of Berlin - adequately frame the space where since the XVIII century there was a market trade. At first, it was the Lime Market, then New, and only then the Military Market (in honor of the quartered cavalry unit). The gendarmes mentioned in the title, in this case, are not overseers for order, but simply representatives of the army. Depending on the time of year, the Gendarmenmarkt holds Christmas fairs, art performances, exhibitions, promotions. Here there are solid restaurants and drinking establishments. In general, it is always possible to spend cultural time freely and to admire a well-thought-out space organization in Germany.
The Zoological Garden in Berlin was opened in 1844 and has since grown into the largest center for keeping and breeding animals according to the number of species represented. On a compact territory of 35 hectares are represented more than one and a half thousand species of fauna. There are no cages and grids, the habitat of the zoo pets is equipped with elegance and comfort. Visitors practically do not interfere with fences, organized for their own safety. The question of what to visit in Berlin does not arise before the fans of living creatures - they are straight here. Near the enclosures with elephants, giraffes, pandas, hippopotamuses, penguins, the people are always crowded and watching the animals frolic. Since 1913, the center of the zoo is a center-aquarium, regularly upgraded in accordance with the latest technology. In the zoo, you can spend the whole day and still with its inhabitants it will be a pity to part with it, it's very competent, beautiful and cozy, this corner of Berlin is equipped.
German sports traditions are reflected in the history of the Olympiapark sports complex. The first stadium here was built by 1916 for the organization of the Summer Olympics. The next Olympic Games in Berlin were held already in 1936, for which the Nazi government rebuilt the main sports arena in Germany for three previous games of the years. The stadium was given a classical antique form, which was to point to the Third Reich as the successor of the Holy Roman Empire. Bombed in World War II, the stadium was rebuilt by the Germans in 1960, and it has become an important arena for football matches. The last modernization of the complex was carried out in 2006, the stretched roof now allows to hold sports competitions in any weather conditions, so fans are very fond of Olympiastadion. Berlin's cultural attractions attract football fans to a much lesser extent than sports facilities, so the Olympic stadium is especially popular among fans.