Half of Gibraltar's square is covered by a limestone cliff of 400-meter height, and on the other side, the airport (also serving as a highway and a place for walking), a seaport, city quarters and even a nature reserve managed to accommodate. A lot of tourists come here to see Africa, standing in Europe, wander through 50-kilometer underground tunnels, watch the birds and dolphins, fight off the very rare and very arrogant Berberian macaques and simply feel the courage and fortitude of the Gibraltarians who have been faithful for 300 years To the Majesty the Queen.
So the list of the best tourist places in front of you:
There are many cafes, bars, and other entertainment facilities. In some of them, there is an atmosphere of casemates in which visitors can feel the atmosphere of that time. There is a small shopping arcade from shops of jewelry and souvenirs in the square. A granite monument in the form of a soldier's figure was opened in the center of Grand Casemates Square. It was opened in 2004. It is dedicated to the men of the Gibraltar Regiment, their courage, and heroism in the struggle for independence. In this square, one of the traditional ceremonies of Gibraltar is the "transfer of keys." It dates back to the times when the Gibraltar fortress was locked for the night and the guard solemnly handed over the keys to the governor every evening. At present, this tradition is observed, but not regularly. From the square, there is a picturesque panorama of the mountains surrounding Gibraltar from all sides. A casemate area is a unique place, which is very popular with tourists
Main Street (Street La Calle Real) - a favorite place for rest and walks of locals and tourists in the capital of the overseas province of Great Britain - the city of Gibraltar. It stretches along the entire length of the southern part of the Iberian Peninsula. On La Calle Real Street, whose name means "main street" in Spanish, there are a lot of restaurants, pubs, souvenir shops and entertainment. The establishments combine British or Irish traditions with Mediterranean cuisine and Spanish expansiveness, manifested in performances by musicians and the interior. In the southern part of the street is the famous John Mackintosh Hall.
Your journey to enchanting Gibraltar will not be complete if you do not get to the Europa Point Lighthouse! It is here that you can admire the Strait of Gibraltar. In addition, from this point, the African coast is perfectly visible. Gibraltar and the African continent unites the Mediterranean Sea, stretched between these lands and it is another attraction of Gibraltar. If you are lucky enough to catch a sunny, cloudless weather, then you can see the peaks of the mountains of Morocco and Ceuta, a Spanish colony in Africa. The lighthouse Europa Point spreads light 37 km from the shore. In his light, the Ibrahim-al-Ibrahim mosque is visible, amazing beauty. It was presented to the Gibraltar area by the monarch of Saudi Arabia Fahad Abdul Aziz. Here you can enjoy the beauty and stunning energy of the church of the Holy Mother of God the European. The lighthouse is considered the southernmost point of the Strait of Gibraltar. Near this beautiful place, you can find 47 hotels for every taste and prosperity.
The cave of St. Michael strikes the imagination of tourists coming here. This is one of the largest caves of the Rock of Gibraltar, in which there are about a hundred such objects. The cave of St. Michael is known for its huge stalactites, which have been growing here for tens of thousands of years. Also, considerable attention will be attracted to the remains of the primitive man, found here in 1974. The central of these finds are rock carvings depicting mountain goats. According to the researchers, these drawings were made about 15-20 thousand years ago. The cave of St. Michael is a paradise for lovers of exotic places in the heart of Gibraltar. The cave is laid at a depth of 62 meters, there are three entrances and exits, so you can always walk around the mysterious labyrinths in search of the unknown.
One of the attractions of Gibraltar is the historically famous Gate of the Southern Port, which keeps a memory of the city's military operations. They consist of three sections, the first of which was erected in 1552. The second - more than 300 years later - in 1883. And the main - the third gate was erected in 1967. They are located west of the first two gates. This trio was part of the old City Wall and was one of the earliest fortifications on the southern border of the city during the years of British colonization. Through the gate, ammunition, medicine, and food were delivered.
The Harding battery is one of the many artillery installations of the times of British colonization. It is located on the southern tip of Gibraltar. The battery was built in 1859 from brick and concrete in place of the early Spanish and Moorish fortifications. It is named in honor of the chief engineer George Harding, who supervised the construction. Initially, two guns weighing about a hundred kilograms were installed here, which could hardly cope with the increasing load. In 1868, the Harding Battery was significantly expanded observation platform and put into operation a new system of artillery coastal defense. It included the installation of 10 heavy rifled cannons, each weighing about a ton. For many years this defensive fortification was forgotten and buried under the mound of sand. In 2010, the improvement of the European Point began, which included the restoration of the Harding Battery. Currently, there is a historic visitor center, which provides detailed information about the local history.
Gibraltar Airport is at the foot of the Rock of Gibraltar. The airport is the property of the Ministry of Defense of England. The airport is mainly used for military necessities, but it also accepts civil aviation flights to England and Spain. It has one runway 1829 m long, and is only 500 m from the city center. Gibraltar Airport is one of the few airports in the world in which the runway is crossed by a highway. A pair of traffic lights regulates the traffic at the time when the aircraft land, or take off. Fortunately, Gibraltar Airport is a lightly busy airport. It serves only about 30 flights every week.
This is a striking attraction of Gibraltar, built not so long ago, in 1997. The Ibrahim al Ibrahim mosque is located on the shore of the bay, just a few kilometers from Africa. The mosque is a gift from the King of Saudi Arabia Fahd. It is also famous for being one of the most monumental mosques in the non-Muslim world. The mosque complex includes a lecture hall, a library, and a school. The structure itself rises on a platform, its main entrance is led by staircases, and the main entrance is crowned by numerous turrets. White marble, red sandstone, marvelous carving - all this gives the two-tiered pavilion the grace of Islamic style. This architectural ensemble successfully fits the dome, which is the crown of the central building. Here, in the upper tier of the pavilion is a museum, and exhibits here are various relics of the Islamic religion.
The moorish castle is a complex of medieval fortifications, which includes fortress walls, gates, and a tower. Construction of the castle began in the VIII century. The strategic location of the castle allowed him to be the dominant structure in the region. In one part of the castle, there was a prison. Today, the Moorish castle is one of the main attractions of Gibraltar. The Moorish castle towers over the sandy isthmus that connects Gibraltar with the mainland, like a sentry guarding its possessions. It was built six centuries ago after in 1309 the ancient Arab fortifications that were in this place were destroyed by the Spanish troops. Recovering in 1333 Gibraltar, the Moors rebuilt the castle and called it the "Tower of Honor". After many different fights, the building turned from a fortress into a museum, which became open to visitors. You can only see four small rooms on the top of the tower since all of its lower parts up to the bottom is a stone monolith.
This tunnel cuts the Gibraltar rock through to the west and east, and according to the Muslims living here, it points exactly to Mecca with its eastern exit. The tunnel ends with a hall of St. George, from which a wonderful view of the Catalan Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea. Today the tunnel is an underground museum with a lot of exhibition halls with unique exhibits. Under the Princess-Caroline battery, there is a museum of military glory, in which a large collection of items and facts of the military history of Gibraltar is gathered by the grains. For a small fee, which is 5 Gibraltar pounds, Great Sig-Tunnels can be visited as part of a guided tour. Given the length of the data of underground communications, it is necessary to calculate and accordingly their time for their inspection. Today concerts are held in some halls , which in our time has become a very popular way to get involved in high art. The tunnels are open from 9 am to 22 every day.