If you think about what we know about European capitals? Overpopulated, expensive, unsafe, filled with tourists? In comparison, Ljubljana is a breath of fresh air. This European capital is friendly to tourists, this is a city that can be viewed walking and enjoying wonderful views and many different, small and cozy shops and cafes. Ljubljana is modern and dynamic, but at the same time, the city managed to preserve the charm of antiquity and amazing charm. Although this small European capital is often described as "Prague in miniature", this comparison does not pay tribute to the charm of Ljubljana; people tend to come here to enjoy the laid-back and friendly atmosphere of the old city, actively to relax in nature, and not spend days and nights in bars and strip clubs.
So the list of the best tourist places in front of you:
More than 100,000 different items are kept in the Museum of Architecture, Urban Planning, Industrial and Graphic Design. His collection represents about a thousand creations of the most famous Slovenian authors of the XX and XXI centuries; Also you can find here the design objects of Ron Arad and Konstantin Grcic. The museum regularly organizes interesting thematic exhibitions, and also gives an opportunity to purchase works by Slovenian designers. Housed in the beautiful Renaissance castle of Fužine, this collection is surrounded by a park and the river Ljubljanica.
Being at the foot of a 130-meter steep cliff, on the shore of the lake, you can not help wondering how in the Middle Ages, without any technology, people were able to build the Bled castle, realizing that any wrong step in such a dangerous place could be the last one. Those wishing to see Bled Castle, the first towers of which were built in the 11th century, will have to climb a steep path that leads to the gates of the fortress. The castle area includes the upper and lower courtyards. Once the premises of the upper courtyard were intended for habitation, and the lower one - for economic purposes. Still in the upper part of the complex in the 16th century a chapel was built, the walls of which are decorated with expressive frescoes. There is a museum in the Bled castle now. There is also a printing workshop with an ancient printing press. Visitors have the opportunity to act as the real printer. They are given the opportunity to type text from individual letters, process them with paint and press them well. Author's text is ready! You can leave it as a souvenir to visit a real medieval castle or present it to your friends as a souvenir.
The Upper Trade Area - the rows of buildings, once owned by artisans and merchants, retained their original appearance to this day. Architect Yozhe Plechnik has put his hand to the creation of the church of St. Florian in the XVII century. After passing a little from the church you find yourself in Ljubljana Castle. At the end of the 18th century it was reconstructed and retains its main appearance from those times. The main place on the Upper Trade Area is occupied by numerous restaurants and cafes, occasionally you can meet residential buildings. At every step you can find cozy coffee shops, pastry shops, cafes, restaurants that offer both traditional Slovenian and European cuisine.
In the middle of the twentieth century, in Ljubljana, under the project of Edward Ravnikar, the building of the Gallery of Contemporary Art was erected. Its peculiarity is an unusual appearance, namely the huge stone blocks that are issued on the facade, the decorative columns built in the middle of the windows and a special stone frame around the windows themselves. There is a huge collection of works by artists of the twentieth century, both Slovenian and foreign in the Gallery of Contemporary Art. So, for example, the work of the famous sculptor and outstanding artist Tony Kral is widely covered. Once every two years, the International Biennale of Graphic Art is held here. There is a special energy here, so despite the fact that the building of the Gallery is small, there is no desire to hurry along it. On the contrary, you want to study every meter of indoor and outdoor space, and having received the art-pleasure to take away a piece of pleasant impressions from the seen exposures with you.
Ljubljana's beautiful and majestic landmark - Dragons Bridge - was built in the 20th century. Originally it was named in honor of Franz Josef "Jubilee Bridge", but very soon began to be called the Dragon Bridge because of the sculptural images of dragons that are located on its corners. It is the dragon that is the official symbol of the city, whose history begins with Jason and the Argonauts. According to the local legend, the fearless Jason was able to defeat the bloodthirsty Ljubljana dragon and save the inhabitants from eternal fear. Located near the Old Town, the bridge is a popular attraction of Slovenia, as the most "photogenic" place of the capital. Imagine yourself next to the terrible dragons right in the center of the city, this is a sight! The beliefs associated with this architectural creation are many. According to one of them, it is believed that when an immaculate woman passes here, the dragons come alive, begin to beat their tails and flap their wings. But, despite the fact that the bridge has already been worth more than a hundred years and a huge number of people have passed here, the dragons never came to life.
Ljubljana Railway Museum was founded in the 1960s, it consists of several halls, each of which contains exhibits corresponding to a certain theme. The collection, consisting of old-style locomotives, also includes extremely rare specimens that have led the history of their existence since the 19th century. They are all restored in a proper way. Some locomotives are in the room, and some are on the street. There are even small rails on which the model train is periodically launched. The museum has old restored steam locomotives, the equipment necessary for the proper functioning of the railway is special equipment, technical tools. As an example, the trolley can be cited - these are very unusual vehicles that were intended for locomotive movement. A separate place is occupied by all possible means of communication - telephone, telegraph, radio stations, teletype. A small exhibition is presented separately, containing paintings on which there is a railway theme. The museum is located on the territory of the old depot. The steam locomotives can not only be inspected from the outside but can also be taken to the driver's cab or passenger cars.
In the middle of the 20th century, in the center of Ljubljana, according to the project of a Soviet architect, a congress and exhibition center was built, which to this day gathers people from all over the country and from other countries who have come to share or exchange experience under their roof. A little outwardly, in actual fact the center turns out to be quite roomy. There are 24 multifunctional halls, among which there are both exhibition areas, and halls for meetings or conferences. In 2001, some rooms were renovated and it's amazing how fresh and modern the center looks today. Under his roof are held a variety of events dedicated to mechanical engineering, interior subjects, agriculture, art, etc. The center is divided into a small square, which has a rest due to its landscaping. There are benches for rest, sheltered in the shade of trees, and a small fountain.
Many couples in love, as a token of loyalty and eternal love, fasten the lock on the railing of the bridge in a romantic place. What started as an innocent ritual has become immense and has become a real tradition. And Slovenia is no exception. In Ljubljana there is such a bridge of lovers. Two shores of Ljubljanica connects Butchers' Bridge (opened in the summer of 2010). It became the place for "locks of love". The bridge connects the market with the embankment - hence the not so romantic name (the Butchers' Bridge). The edges of the bridge on both sides are made of glass. And when you come to the edge, the feeling that you are standing on the water. Walking in the center of Ljubljana, it is necessary to walk along the bridge of lovers, to look at the quaint sculptures of the Slovenian sculptor Jakov Brdarja.
The Ljubljana Zoo is at the foot of the Rozhnik Mountain, in a forest park that is part of the national nature reserve of Slovenia. Walk in the woods and at the same time admire the rare animals that you are sure to not only meet but also be able to feed and make memorable photos? Everyone dreams about this, who will see even a squirrel on a tree. Admit, each of us wanted to capture this little fluffy animal, but good shots came out extremely rarely. Therefore, it's time to go to the national zoo in Ljubljana. All animals are located in spacious enclosures, and it's nice to watch how they live comfortably even in an involuntary environment. It is noteworthy that getting into this forest zoo and strolling through the forest creates the feeling that we are visiting our lesser brothers. By the way, fluffy owners very cordially meet people, and sincerely rejoice at the gifts brought. And four-legged friends love to eat, especially with the hands of children, who in turn love to feed animals. So there is complete harmony here, and it is quite possible that you will not notice how you spend the whole day here and relax not only with your soul but also with your body. The zoo is open all year round, but there are also hours for resting animals, so it's best to come here in the afternoon.
The Cathedral of St. Nicholas is the most important church in Ljubljana, its two bell towers are recognizable symbols of the Slovenian capital. The cathedral was built on the site of an earlier church of the 13th century dedicated to St. Nicholas. The new cathedral, designed by Italian architect Andrea del Pozzo, was built in 1700 - 1707, and during the reconstruction of 1841 the original wooden dome was replaced by a stone, designed by architect Gregor Machek. In the XIX century, this dome was painted by the painter Mateusz Langus. The portal of the cathedral was decorated by sculptor Mirsad Begich for the visit to Ljubljana of Pope John Paul II in 1996.